Ship Fact Files

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Owner: Oceanic Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. (White Star Line)

Ship Name:

TITANIC

Vessel type: Passenger ship

Official No: 131428

Builder:
Harland & Wolff Ltd,
Queen's Island, Belfast

Yard No: 401

Laid down: 31 March 1909

Launched: 31 May 1911

Handed over: 2 April 1912

Port & Date of Registry: Liverpool, 25 March 1912

Managing Owner & Address:
Harold Arthur Sanderson,
30 James Street, Liverpool

Description

Number of Decks: 5 & 2 Partial

Number of Masts: 2

Rigged: Schooner

Stern: Elliptical

Build: Clencher

Framework & Description of Vessel: Steel

Number of Bulkheads: 15

Number of water ballast tanks: 17

Dimensions

Length: 852.5 ft

Breadth: 92.5 ft

Depth: 64.9.1 ft

Gross Registered Tonnage: 46,328.57

Machinery

Engine Builder: Harland & Wolff Ltd, Belfast

Engine Type: 2 X triple expansion inverted vertical direct acting surface condensing, 1 X low pressure turbine

Cylinders: 2 X 54; 2 X 84; 4 X 97 inches

Stroke: 75 inches

Nominal Horse Power: 6,906

Boilers

Description: Cylindrical multi-tubular

Number: 24 double & 5 single ended

Iron or Steel: Steel

Pressure when loaded: 215 lbs

Screw: Triple

Speed: 21 knots

Signal Letters: H. V. M. P.

Notes

Second of the 'Olympic' class, Yard No. 401 incorporated a number of design improvements and changes in the layout of the passenger accommodation following almost ten months operation of her older sister Olympic (Yard No. 400). The main difference between the two ships, externally, was the glassing in of the forward end of the Promenade Deck; in operation it was found that spray was landing on Olympic’s deck making it slippery for 1st Class passengers. Despite White Star’s concerns about the comfort of 1st and 2nd Class passengers this was not the primary reason for Titanic's construction. Her proper title is the 'Emigrant Ship Titanic' and without the record numbers of emigrants crossing the Atlantic ships like this would never have been constructed.
Time for the ‘Olympic’ class was running out long before an iceberg was sighted in Titanic’s path. The war clouds gathering across the Continent and, immediately after the Great War, restrictions on the numbers allowed to enter the United States, signalled the end of the giant emigrant ship era.
Titanic stands not only as one of the worst disasters at sea but also as a memorial to the zenith of mass migration across the world's oceans.

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